This manuscript document was signed by Washington in 1781.
It's an explanation of why a Major William Cogswell wasn't promoted to lieutenant colonel.
This document has one of the clearest signatures of Washington we've ever seen and isn't listed in John C. Fitzpatrick's The Writings of George Washington! Manuscript document signed "G:o Washington", 1 page, 8¼x13½. Head Quarters at New Windsor, 1781 January 7.
In full: "I certify that, in the dispute of Rank between Majors Hull and Cogswell, which was ultimately determined in favor of the former, there was no personal preference to Major Hull, but that his succession to the vacant Lieutenant Colonelcy depended solely upon the established principles of promotion, he having been considered as an older Major than Major Cogswell from the time of the new arrangement of the Army in 1777. And I do further certify that Major Cogswell has been always represented to me as an intelligent, brave and active Officer."
Shortly after the Battle of Lexington, WILLIAM HULL (1753-1825) was chosen Captain of a company of soldiers raised in Derby, Connecticut and joined the army of Washington at Cambridge with his company, which became part of Colonel Webb's Connecticut regiment. After the battle of Trenton (December 26, 1776), on January 1, 1777, GEORGE WASHINGTON promoted William Hull to be Major in the 8th Massachusetts regiment. He was promoted to Lieutenant Colonel in 1779, then became Inspector of the Army under Baron Steuben, and commanded the escort of Washington when he bade farewell to his troops. Hull was later Governor of the Michigan Territory (1805-1812). In the War of 1812, now a Brigadier General, William Hull led the American attack from Detroit into Canada, was outmaneuvered and defeated by the British and surrendered on August 16, 1812. Hull was court-martialed, convicted of cowardice and...
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